The Department of Nephrology provides services for renal replacement therapy and renal transplantation as well as manages acute and chronic disorders affecting the kidneys.
What is the role of nephrology?
The branch of internal medicine known as nephrology specializes in the identification and management of kidney problems. Because the kidney serves so many important purposes, nephrologists are experts in both the treatment of basic renal problems as well as the systemic effects of kidney disease.
Diseases under the branch of nephrology
The field of nephrology studies both the health and disorders of the kidneys. Nephrology covers the following conditions as diseases:
· abnormalities of the glomerulus, which is a small filtration mechanism in the kidneys.
· Urine anomalies such excessive excretion of blood, protein, crystals, sugar, casts, etc.
· Kidney tubules are affected by tubulointerstitial disorders.
· disorders of the kidney’s blood channel networks are known as renal vascular diseases.
· Acute, chronic, abrupt, or chronic renal failure are all possible.
· bladder and Kidney stones
· Kidney infections
· Cancers of the urethra, kidneys and bladder
· Effects of diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes on kidneys
· Acid base imbalances
· Nephritis and nephrotic syndrome
· effects of toxins and drugs on the kidneys
· Dialysis and its long-term side effects – hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis both fall under the category of dialysis.
· Autoimmune diseases including lupus, autoimmune vasculitis, etc.
· A congenital, hereditary, or genetic illness known as polycystic kidney disease occurs when large cysts or fluid-filled sacs develop within the kidney, limiting its functionality.
What is nephrology treatment?
Nephrology, often known as renal medicine, is a subspecialty of internal medicine that deals with kidney treatment. It frequently has high blood pressure or hypertension as a connection. Medical specialists known as nephrologists diagnose, treat, and manage acute and chronic renal conditions and disorders.
blood products, Medication, surgical interventions (vascular, urology, or surgical operations), kidney replacement therapy (kidney transplants or dialysis), and plasma exchange are all possible forms of treatment in nephrology.