Internal medicine’s specialty of cardiology is dedicated to treating cardiac diseases. Congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are among the problems it targets in terms of treatment and diagnosis. Cardiology has several subspecialties, including cardiac electrophysiology, nuclear cardiology, interventional cardiology, and echocardiography.
The coronary circulation, or basic operation of the cardiovascular system, refers to how the heart processes oxygen and nutrients in the blood. Coronary arteries and coronary veins constitute the cardiovascular system.
Cardiology is a branch of medicine that deals with and studies a variety of cardiovascular system disorders. Acute coronary syndrome, which includes the wide range of myocardial infarction symptoms, is one of them. Other prevalent diseases include angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and restenosis.
Cardiology disorders can be categorized more broadly as follows: cardiac arrest; disorders of the myocardium, or the heart’s muscle; types of pericarditis; disorders of the pericardium, or the heart’s outer lining; disorders of the aortic valve; mitral valve; pulmonary valve; and tricuspid valve; and congenital heart defects, which range from atrial septal defect to deep vein thrombosis. Cardiology makes use of a number of instruments, such as different kinds of balloons and defibrillators, a pacemaker, and a stethoscope.
Who are Cardiologist ?
Cardiologists are those who specialized in cardiology. Cardiologists employ a variety of techniques to treat cardiovascular disorders, including stenting, angioplasty, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, and coronary artery bypass surgery. Using blood testing, cardiac stress tests, echocardiography, electrocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging techniques, cardiologists can also diagnose cardiovascular problems.